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The Krolgeh Language
Krolgeh Grammar

GrammarCommon to KrolgehKrolgeh to CommonPhrases and Sayings

The language of the krolvin, both spoken and written, is referred to as krolgeh.

Tense
To make a krolvin term past tense, add ‘kt’ at the end. For example, ungbok means “fight” and ungbokt means “fought.” Junda means “to spit” (or, more correctly, to expel a bodily fluid) and jundakt means “spat.”

Future tense is denoted by ‘tik’ preceding the term. Therefore tik’ungbok means “will fight” and tik’junda means “will spit.”

Negatives
The addition of ‘te’ to the end of a krolvin term may indicate the negative of that term. In effect, ‘te’ can be interpreted as “not.” For example, tuz means “can” and tuzte means “cannot.” Similarly, gno means “belongs to” or “is of” and gno’te means “does not belong to” or “is not of.” When the term ends in a vowel (as in the previous example) an apostrophe is used to denote the separate sound of ‘te.’

Opposites
An opposite (as opposed to a negative) condition is commonly indicated by the addition of the suffix ‘kra’ at the end of a term. For example, kref means “before” and krefkra means “after” or “behind.” Similarly, vosk means “up” and voskra means “down.”

Opposition terms tend to be relational or comparative (this is related or can be compared against that). Negative terms tend to be conditional (not this is the negative condition of this). Front is the opposite of back, not the negative of it.

As in Common, there are separate Krolgeh terms for many opposing concepts, such as night and day, long and short. However, the implications of the Krolgeh use of grammatical opposites offers some insight into Krolvin psychology. Opposites suggest a there is a default view. In Common there is a word for “up” and a word for “down.” In Krolgeh the word for “up” (vosk) has an expression that means “the opposite of up” (voskra) which can be interpreted as “down.” Therefore the default view of the Krolvin world is “up.” “Down” is only relevant in terms of its relationship to “up.”

Interrogatory
A question is often identified by the expression k’pla at the end of a sentence. For example, the phrase Jod tikte tschok means “We will not stop” whereas Jod tikte tschok k’pla? means “Will we not stop?”

Possessive
For the most part Krolgeh doesn’t recognize possessive terms. There is, for example, no distinction between “you” and “your,” both are q’ap. Nor is there any distinction between ‘he,’ ‘him’ and ‘his’ or ‘she,’ ‘her’ and ‘hers.’ The only clear exception is the personal possessive gno’ap (mine).

Attribution
To indicate one who engages in an action, the prefix cz is added. For example, zag means “bring” (or to bring) and czag means “one who brings” or bringer. Similarly, falz means “lose” (or to lose) and cz’falz means “one who loses” or loser.

Gender
Gender is applied to a krolvin term through the addition of ‘do’ to refer to male and ‘so’ to refer to female. For example, apdo means ‘he’ and apso means ‘she.’ Similarly clezag means “parent” but clezagdo refers to a male parent whereas clezagso refers to a female parent. Dush refers to a sibling; dushdo refers to a male sibling and dushso to a female sibling.

Emphatic
The expression to (pronounced toe) at the end of a sentence is a verbal indication of emphasis. Since krolgeh is often spoken in barking tones, it’s sometimes necessary to include an aural indicator of exclamation. For example, Q’ap tikte means “You will not” whereas Q’ap tikte to would be interpreted as “You most definitely will not!” Similarly, Sto kak tuug goort means “That’s a good ship” but Sto kak tuug goort to would indicate “That’s a damned fine ship!” And Sto kak gno'ap simply means “That’s mine” whereas Sto kak gno'ap to would be translated as “That’s mine and you’d best keep your knobby hands off it!”



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